Glossaries & Acronyms

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Jargon Explained, Glossary of Terms Commonly Used in the WTO
Published by 3D, Geneva


An informal guide to ‘WTO speak’


IISD Publications Centre  

        Environment and Trade: A Handbook - Second Edition

        UNEP, IISD, 2005. Book, 142 pages

This handbook, a joint effort of the International Institute for Sustainable Development and the United Nations Environment Programme, is aimed mainly at those with some knowledge about trade, environment or development, but not expert on the intersection of the three. It is also a practical reference tool for policy-makers and practitioners. But the target audience is not just government policy-makers; the media and public will also find it useful. The handbook uses clear language and a minimum of jargon.

The handbook should help us understand how trade can affect the environment, for better and for worse, and how environmental concern can work through the trading system to foster or frustrate development in both rich and poor countries.

The first edition of the handbook (2001) was a widely acclaimed success, and it has now been completely updated for 2005, with new sections on the Doha agenda and regional trade and investment agreements, as well as analysis of new WTO panel rulings.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction

  2. International environmental management

  3. International trade law

  4. Physical and economic linkages

  5. Legal and policy linkages

  6. Regional and bilateral trade agreements

  7. Cross-cutting issues

  8. Conclusion


AB WTO Appellate Body
AoA Agreement on Agriculture
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations
BIT bilateral investment treaty
CBD Convention on Biological Diversity
CEC Commission for Environmental Cooperation
CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of
Wild Fauna and Flora
COP Conference of Parties
CTE Committee on Trade and Environment
DSB Dispute Settlement Body
DSM dispute settlement mechanism
DSU Dispute Settlement Understanding
EM environmental management
EU European Union
FDI foreign direct investment
FSC Forest Stewardship Council
GATS General Agreement on Trade in Services
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GDP gross domestic product
GM genetically modified
GMO genetically modified organism
GPA Agreement on Government Procurement
IPR intellectual property right
ISO International Organization for Standardization
LCA life cycle analysis
LMO living genetically modified organism
MEA multilateral environmental agreement
Mercosur Mercado Común del Sur (Southern Common Market:
Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay)
MFN most-favoured nation
Environment and Trade — A Handbook
NAAEC North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement (Canada, Mexico,
United States)
NGO non-governmental organization
OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
PCBs polychlorinated biphenyls
PIC The Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent
Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in
International Trade
POPs The Stockholm Convention on the Control of Persistent
Organic Pollutants
PPMs processes and production methods
SPS Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures
TBT Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade
TED turtle excluder device
TRIMs Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures
TRIPS Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property
UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
UPOV International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of
U.S. United States of America
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WSSD World Summit on Sustainable Development
WTO World Trade Organization