Energy & Climate Change

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Cancun 2010 Analyses
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United Nations Framework Convention
on Climate Change

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Essential Background:

The Convention and the Protocol

Over a decade ago, most countries joined an international treaty -- the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) -- to begin to consider what can be done to reduce global warming and to cope with whatever temperature increases are inevitable. More recently, a number of nations approved an addition to the treaty: the Kyoto Protocol, which has more powerful (and legally binding) measures. The UNFCCC secretariat supports all institutions involved in the climate change process, particularly the COP, the subsidiary bodies and their Bureau.

This section contains numerous resources -- for beginners or experts -- such as introductory and in-depth publications, the official UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol texts and a search engine to the UNFCCC library.


Kyoto Protocol -- What it means

The Kyoto Protocol, an international and legally binding agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions worldwide, entered into force on 16 February 2005.

bullet Learn about Kyoto
bullet Text of the Kyoto Protocol
bullet Status of ratification
bullet Kyoto mechanisms
bullet Registered Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects
bullet Issues arising from Kyoto's entry into force
bullet (PDF) Kyoto Protocol reports and due dates (467 kB)